The heavy equipment industry includes machines such as the backhoe, crane, wheel loader, grader, forklift, bulldozer, tractor pulled scrapers and excavators. These are the workhorses of any construction industry and they make the job easy and quicker. Due to the increased competition these are offered as superior products to the users in construction industry. They are embedded with new technologies for increased safety, comfort, and reliability.
This equipment is available in various sizes as mini, midi and large. Depending on the nature and type of construction work, suitable size is chosen by the commercial user. Selection of right type and size of equipment affects the time and effort and productivity of the project. Hence, on site managers and construction workers must be familiar with features of each equipment.
Some of the factors that affect the selection of an equipment
- Size of a job: the larger the job requires large equipment.
- Job to be completed in less time: requires mini or midi sized equipment.
- Space constraints: less space can allow only mini or medium sized equipment to operate
- Speed of the machine: smaller the machine it can move faster.
- Soil, weather and temperature conditions affect the operation of equipment.
Today a great amount of construction activity is confined to small places. For such construction activity medium sized equipment are used. Also they are many medium sized construction firms which prefer mid-sized heavy equipment. They are less expensive, quick to move in less space, have better fuel efficiency and not very high on maintenance costs. The operators can operate these machines with less difficulty as compared to the large sized machines. This enables to complete work quickly by meeting the deadlines. Thus medium sized equipment are highly beneficial.
Although this being the case one should choose appropriate size of heavy equipment depending on the nature of work.